Components and functions of washing machines

Jacob Christian Schaffer came up with the idea for the washing machine in 1767. It was a more than practical option for women who had to laboriously wash all of their family's clothing by hand before the invention of the washing machine.

Since its inception, the industry and technology of household appliances have come a long way. The automatic washing machines that have recently been manufactured have brought the amount of manual effort required of the user to almost zero, and this is due to the fact that the industry and technology of household appliances have advanced significantly since its inception.


Washing machine elements


The following is an explanation of the components of a washing machine that are often considered to be the most important:


An inner drum of a washing machine:

This section of the room is designated for the storage of soiled clothing. When you give it the attention it deserves, you'll see that it has a number of holes in it; these holes were intentionally constructed so that water could enter the drum, and the cleaning process could take place here as well.




The ridges located on the drum's outside borders are called paddles, and they serve the purpose of assisting in the movement of the clothing while it is contained inside the drum.


Working principle of the washing machine drum

The outer drum:

This is the outer drum, which contains the inner drum inside of it. This is the section of the machine that has been sealed off to prevent any water from escaping the machine in any way.



The washing machine does not come with this component by default. The premium versions are the only ones that have the agitators, which assist to spin the clothing within the machine for a more thorough washing and are only available in those models.


Thermostat and heating element:


The temperature of the water is monitored by this component of the system, which also warms the water as required.



After the cleaning procedure is over, this step assists in the removal of water from the drum.


Pipes and valves:

These components are often disregarded, despite the fact that they are the essential building blocks of the machine. Because of these pipelines and valves, the water within the drum keeps going in both directions, enabling flushing to occur.




This component is frequently referred to as the central processing unit (CPU) of the washing machine. It is under complete control of the whole process, from the beginning to the end when the product is dried.

At the time of its invention, the washing machine was considered a luxury item; but, in today's homes, it is an important component of the space. The evolution of washing machines has gone a long way, and because of the lightning-fast pace of technological progress, these machines are equipped with ever-more sophisticated functions with each passing day.

I hope you have gained an understanding of how a washing machine functions and the ideas that underlie its functioning mechanism.